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Śląsk Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen

WROCLAW, POLAND

"Wroclaw is a very big city on the Odra river, with splendidly decorated public and private buildings." Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini, Pope Pius II (1458 -1464)
"Wroclaw is a very big city on the Odra river, with splendidly decorated public and private buildings."
Enea Silvio Bartolomeo Piccolomini, Pope Pius II  (1458 -1464)

Wrocław,  Śląsk Polski - Wroclaw, Polish Silesia - Vratislav, Polské Slezsko - Breslau, Polnisch Schlesien
Amazing Wroclaw West from the Sky Tower view point, the highest in Poland: Roman Catholic Church of the Most Holy Virgin Mary the Queen of Peace in Popowice to Poland's largest bridge Redzinski. Wrocław, Śląsk Polski - Wroclaw, Polish Silesia - Vratislav, Polské Slezsko - Breslau, Polnisch Schlesien
Amazing Wroclaw West from the Sky Tower view point, the highest in Poland:
Roman Catholic Church of the Most Holy Virgin Mary the Queen of Peace in Popowice to Poland's largest bridge Redzinski
Love Wroclaw and pronounce the city's name correctly: Wrocław Polish pronunciation: Vrotswaf [ˈvrɔt͡swaf]
Love Wroclaw and pronounce the city's name correctly: Wrocław Polish pronunciation: Vrotswaf [ˈvrɔt͡swaf]
Beurocheuwapeu / Pŭroch'ŭwap'ŭ - 브로츠와프 (Korean*), Boroszló (Hungarian), Breslau (former Danish, former Dutch, former English, German, former Norwegian, former Romanian, former Swedish), Braslavia (old Romanian), Breslavia (Italian, Spanish), Breslávia (Portuguese), Urocłaŭ - Уроцлаў (Belarusian), Vratislav (Czech), Vratislav / Vroclav (Slovak, Serbian, Slovene),Vratislavia / Wratislavia / Wracislavia (Latin), Vroclav - Вроцлав (Bosnian, Bulgarian, Serbian), Vroclava (Latvian), Vroclavas (Lithuanian), Vroclavo (Esperanto), Vrotzlav - ורוצלב (Hebrew), Wroclaw (Catalan, Finnish, Romanian, Slovene), Wrocław (Croatian, Polish, Swedish)

Dziewiczy Wrocław - Virginal Wroclaw, Poland
Virginal Wroclaw, Poland Dziewiczy Wrocław
The Wroclaw virgins are us! Wrocławskie Dziewice to my!

28. lipca - July 28 - 28. července - 28. Juli

Dzień Śląska Polskiego - Polish Silesia Day - Den Polského Slezska - Polnisch Schlesiens Tag
Dzień Śląska Polskiego - Polish Silesia Day - Den Polského Slezska - Polnisch Schlesiens Tag 28. lipca - July 28 - 28. července - 28. Juli
Polish flag waving on the wind with Sleza Mountain in the background

A panoramic view of Silesia Śląsk Slezsko Schlesien (Wroclaw, Sleza Mt) from the Wysoki Kościół (English: High Church) village of 1296 AD between Wroclaw and Trzebnica
A panoramic view of Silesia Śląsk Slezsko Schlesien (Wroclaw, Sleza Mt) from the Wysoki Kościół (English: High Church) village of 1296 AD between Wroclaw and Trzebnica

Boleslaw the Brave (Polish: Chrobry), the greatest benefactor of Wroclaw in the city's millennial history.
Equestrian statue of Boleslaw Chrobry, Wroclaw, Poland
Boleslaw the Brave duke of Poland 992 - 1025 and her first king duke of Bohemia 1002 - 1003 son of Mieszko prince of Pollans and Doubravka princess of Bohemia brother of Sigrid the Haughty (also known as Świętosława, Czcirada, Sigrid Storrada, Saum–Aesa, Polish Gunnhilda) queen of Sweden 980 - 995, queen of Denmark 996 - 1014, queen of Norway 1000 - 1014, queen of England 1013 - 1014 who was mother of Cnut the Great (also known as Canut the Great, Knud 2. den Store) king of Denmark, England, Norway, parts of Sweden
Boleslaw the Brave duke of Poland 992 - 1025 and her first king., duke of Bohemia 1002 - 1003
son of Mieszko prince of Pollans and Doubravka princess of Bohemia
brother of Sigrid the Haughty (also known as Świętosława, Czcirada, Sigrid Storrada, Saum–Aesa, Polish Gunnhilda)
queen of Sweden 980 - 995, queen of Denmark 996 - 1014, queen of Norway 1000 - 1014, queen of England 1013 - 1014
who was mother of  Cnut the Great (also known as Canut the Great, Knud 2. den Store) king of Denmark, England, Norway, parts of Sweden
 
He was the firstborn son of Mieszko I by his first wife, Dobrawa, daughter of Boleslav I the Cruel, Duke of Bohemia. Mieszko I's marriage in 965 to the Přemyslid princess Dobrawa and his baptism in 966 put him and his country in the cultural sphere of Western Christianity.

In the year 1000, the Holy Roman Emperor Otto III (980-1002) visited Poland to renew the Holy Roman Empire based on a federal concept he called "Renovatio Imperii Romanorum". Among other gifts the Polish ruler presented to Otto III were 300 armored knights, while the Emperor responded with a gift of a copy of the lance of Saint Maurice. Evidently Otto III was impressed with what he saw and he decided that Poland should be treated as a kingdom on par with Germany and Italy, not merely as a tributary duchy like Bohemia. The Emperor placed his Imperial crown on Bolesław I's brow and invested him with the titles frater et cooperator Imperii ("Brother and Partner of the Empire") and populi Romani amicus et socius. He also raised Bolesław I to the dignity of patricius or "elder of the Roman nation". Afterwards Bolesław I traveled with the Emperor to Aix-la-Chapelle where Otto III had the tomb of Charlemagne opened. From there Otto III is reputed to have removed the Imperial throne itself and presented it to the Polish Duke.


Equestrian statue of Boleslaw the Brave at the Corpus Christi Roman Catholic church, street Swidnicka, Wroclaw, Poland

Equestrian statue of Boleslaw the Brave at the Corpus Christi Roman Catholic church, street Swidnicka, Wroclaw, Poland
Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
Wrocław, stolica Śląska, panorama centrum miasta z parkingu na dachu DT Renoma, 32 m
Wroclaw city centre panorama from the Renoma Shopping Centre rooftop parking lot, 32 mts (105 feet)
Wrocław, stolica Śląska, panorama centrum miasta z parkingu na dachu DT Renoma, 32 m Wroclaw city centre panorama from the Renoma Shopping Centre rooftop parking lot, 32 mts (105 feet) silesian.eu
Król Boleslaw Chrobry King -  Boleslaw the Brave,  Pomnik Ofiar Stalinizmu - Monument to Victims of Stalinism, Narodowe Forum Muzyki - National Forum of Music, Kino Nowe Horyzonty - New Horizons Movie Theatre,  Sw. Elzbiety Wegierskiej Kosciol Garnizonowy Wojska Polskiego - St Elisabeth of Hungary Garrison Church of the Polish Army,  Sw. Stanislawa, Sw. Doroty i Sw. Waclawa - Saints Stanislaus,  Dorothy, and Wenceslaus, Bozego Ciała - Corpus Christi, popruski kompleks policyjno-sadowo-wiezienny - post-Prussian police, courts and prison complex

Across the Swidnicka street, King Boleslaw the Brave is looking at two important monuments which must be visited by a tourist who wants to discover the latest history of Wroclaw.
One is the World's first monument to the victims of Stalinism  / To those who have rebuilt Poland and developed her Regained Territories,
POMNIK OFIAR STALINIZMU- MONUMENT TO VICTIMS OF STALINISM - DENKMAL FÜR DIE OPFER DES STALINISMUS - ПАМЯТНИК ЖЕРТВАМ СТАЛИНИЗМА
POMNIK OFIAR STALINIZMU- MONUMENT TO VICTIMS OF STALINISM - DENKMAL FÜR DIE OPFER DES STALINISMUS - ПАМЯТНИК ЖЕРТВАМ СТАЛИНИЗМАTYM, KTÓRZY ODBUDOWALI POLSKĘ I ZAGOSPODAROWALI ZIEMIE ODZYSKANE, W 50-tą ROCZNICĘ, NARÓD POLSKI TO THOSE WHO HAVE REBUILT POLAND AND DEVELOPED HER REGAINED TERRITORIES, ON THE 50th ANNIVERSARY. POLISH NATION ДЛЯ ТЕХ, КОТОРЫЕ ВОССТАНОВИЛИ ПОЛЬШУ И РАЗВИВАЛИ ЕЕ ВОЗВРАЩЁННЫЕ ЗЕМЛИ, ПОСВЯЩЕННО 50-ЛЕТИЮ. ПОЛЬСКИЙ НАРОД FÜR DIEJENIGEN, DIE POLEN HABEN UMGEBAUT UND WIEDERGEWONNENEN GEBIETE ENTWICKELTE GEMACHTEN, ZUM 50. JAHRESTAG, POLNISCHE NATION
TYM, KTÓRZY ODBUDOWALI POLSKĘ I ZAGOSPODAROWALI ZIEMIE ODZYSKANE, W 50-tą ROCZNICĘ, NARÓD POLSKI
TO THOSE WHO HAVE REBUILT POLAND AND DEVELOPED HER REGAINED TERRITORIES, ON THE 50th ANNIVERSARY. POLISH NATION
 ДЛЯ ТЕХ, КОТОРЫЕ ВОССТАНОВИЛИ  ПОЛЬШУ И РАЗВИВАЛИ ЕЕ ВОЗВРАЩЁННЫЕ ЗЕМЛИ, ПОСВЯЩЕННО 50-ЛЕТИЮ. ПОЛЬСКИЙ НАРОД
FÜR DIEJENIGEN, DIE POLEN HABEN UMGEBAUT UND WIEDERGEWONNENEN GEBIETE ENTWICKELTE GEMACHTEN, ZUM 50. JAHRESTAG, POLNISCHE NATION


Terrifying post-Prussian police, courts and prison complex in Wroclaw, against this background a huge (1.5 m, 5 feet diameter), made of black steel by Jerzy Kalina, ingenious sculptor,
Wedding Ring of Polish National Hero Cavalry Captain Witold Pilecki who gave his life battling two totalitarian regimes of the 20th century, see more about martyrs of Catholic personalism
.
Terrifying post-Prussian police, courts and prison complex in Wroclaw, against this background a huge (1.5 m, 5 feet diameter), made of black steel by Jerzy Kalina, ingenious sculptor, Wedding Ring of Polish National Hero Cavalry Captain Witold Pilecki who gave his life battling two totalitarian regimes of the 20th century
On the pavements of Wroclaw, Poland, at the intersection of Marshal Pilsudski#Swidnicka Strs, in 2005 Jerzy Kalina depicted sad misery of life in the totalitarian communist system with his 14 life-like statues as a bronze replica of former TV programme „Vox Populi” props named  'Monument of Anonymous passer-by' installed in Warsaw, Swietokrzyska#Mazowiecka, for one week from the night 12/13 December 1977. Surprisingly, on the overnight of 12 and 13 of December 1981, communist party leader Jaruzelski imposed martial law to stop SOLIDARITY's strive for national independence, religious freedom and market economy. Although the Soviet system collapsed, the transition from totalitarianism to democracy seems to be a never ending process.
On the pavements of Wroclaw, Poland, at the intersection of Marshal Pilsudski#Swidnicka Strs, in 2005 Jerzy Kalina depicted sad misery of life in the totalitarian communist system with his 14 life-like statues as a bronze replica of former TV programme „Vox Populi” props named 'Monument of Anonymous passer-by' installed in Warsaw, Swietokrzyska#Mazowiecka, for one week from the night 12/13 December 1977. Surprisingly, on the overnight of 12 and 13 of December 1981, communist party leader Jaruzelski imposed martial law to stop SOLIDARITY's strive for national independence, religious freedom and market economy. Although the Soviet system collapsed, the transition from totalitarianism to democracy seems to be a never ending process. Equestrian statue of Boleslaw the Brave at the Corpus Christi Roman Catholic church, street Swidnicka, Wroclaw, Poland
Many veterans of Polish struggle for national identity and religious freedom live now in more miserable conditions than before Soviet troops and nukes were withdrawn from Poland in 1993.
A commemorative stone in honour of Polish Scauts / Guides and Scouters / Guiders who were killed while struggling for Polish identity of Wroclaw, inaugurated on the 20th annivesary of establishing the Wroclaw Centre Scout District, May 19777. Can be seen aside the Nowowiejska Street quite close to where Edith Stein had her house, Wroclaw Olbin, Poland
A commemorative stone in honour of Polish Scauts / Guides and Scouters / Guiders  who were killed  while struggling  for Polish identity of Wroclaw, inaugurated on the 20th annivesary of establishing the Wroclaw Centre Scout District, May 19777. Can be seen aside the Nowowiejska Street quite close to where Edith Stein had her house, Wroclaw Olbin, Poland

A monument dedicated to officers of the State Police 1918 - 1939, of the Citizens' Militia 1945 - 1990, of the Police after 1990, who were killed while protectmg security of the people, providing security and maintaining public order. (centre). To memory of officers ot the Citizens' Militia whose ashes lie on this cemetery and other cemeteries of Low Silesia. Osobowice, Wroclaw. NB. Citizens' Militia or Civic Militia was a state police institution in the People's Republic of Poland. It was created in 1944 by Soviet-controlled communist government, and widely used to exert political repression on the citizens, besides its typical role in curbing crime. Crime became rampant in Poland's regained territories. Shootings, arsons, thefts, robberies, burglaries, assaults, rapes, murders plagued changing inhabitants of ruins for many years after the WW2.
A monument dedicated to officers of the State Police 1918 - 1939, of the Citizens' Militia 1945 - 1990, of the Police after 1990, who were killed while protectmg security of the people, providing security and maintaining public order. (centre). To memory of  officers ot the Citizens' Militia whose ashes lie on this cemetery and other cemeteries of Low Silesia.  Osobowice, Wroclaw.

NB. Citizens' Militia or Civic Militia was a state police institution in the People's Republic of Poland. It was created in 1944 by Soviet-controlled communist government, and widely used to exert political repression on the citizens, besides its typical role in curbing crime. Crime became rampant in Poland's regained territories. Shootings, arsons, thefts, robberies, burglaries, assaults, rapes, murders plagued changing  inhabitants of ruins for many years after the WW2.

 Śląsk Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
Wrocław, stolica Śląska, panorama centrum miasta z punktu widokowego Sky Tower, najwyższego w Polsce, 200 m 
Wroclaw city centre panorama from the Sky Tower view point, the highest in Poland 200 mts (656 feet) in Polish silesian.eu Wrocław, stolica Śląska, panorama centrum miasta z punktu widokowego Sky Tower, najwyższego w Polsce, 200 m, silesian.eu
1. Sw. Michala Archaniola, 2. Sw. Urszuli i Jedenastu Tysiecy Dziewic, po 1946 - Opieki Sw. Józefa (karmelitów bosych), 3. Sw. Krzyza i Sw. Bartlomieja
(kolegiata), 4. Sw.Jana Chrzciciela  (Archikatedra), 5. Najswietszej Maryi Panny na Piasku, 6. Palac Arcybiskupów, 7. Swietych Wincentego i Jakuba
(Katedra Greckokatolicka), 8. Sw. Klary i Sw. Jadwigi (urszulanek), 9. Hala Targowa, 10. Sw. Macieja Apostola , 11. Sw. Marii Magdaleny (Katedra
Polskokatolicka), 12. Panorama Raclawicka. 13. Muzeum Architektury w bylym kosciele Sw. Bernardyna, 14. Sw. Wojciecha z kaplica Bl. Czeslawa
(dominikanów), 15. Ratusz 16. Galeria Dominikanska, 17. Sw. Stanislawa, Sw. Doroty i Sw. Waclawa, 18. Laznia Miejska, 19. Bozego Ciala, 20. Opera,
21. Dom Towarowy Renoma, 22. Najswietszego Imienia Jezus (uniwersytecki), 23 byly komitet wojewódzki partii komunistycznej, 24. Sw. Elzbiety
 Wegierskiej (Bazylika, Kosciól Garnizonowy Wojska Polskiego), 25. Narodzenia Przenajswietszej Bogurodzicy (Katedra Prawoslawna)
26. Palac Królów Pruskich, 27. popruski kompleks policyjno-sadowo-wiezienny, 28. sw. Ignacego Loyoli (jezuitów)

 Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
Wroclaw, the capital of Silesia, city centre panorama from the Sky Tower view point, the highest in Poland 200 mts (656 feet)
Wroclaw city centre panorama from the Sky Tower view point, the highest in Poland 200 mts (656 feet) in English silesian.eu
1. St Michael the Archangel 2. St Ursula and Eleven Thousand Virgins, after 1946 - St. Joseph the Protector (Barefoot Carmelites, monks), 3. Holy Cross
and St St. Bartholomew (Collegiate), 4. St John the Baptist (Archcathedral), 5. Most Holy Virgin Mary on the Sand, 6. Archbishops' Palace 7. Saints
Vincent and Jacob (Greek Catholic Cathedral), 8. St Clare and St Hedwig (Ursulines), 9. Market Hall, 10. St Matthew the Apostle, 11. St. Mary
Magdalene (Polish Catholic Cathedral), 12. Raclawice Panorama,13. Museum of Architecture in the former St Bernardine, 14. St Adalbert with St Ceslaus
chapel (Dominican friars), 15. Town Hall 16. Dominican Gallery Mall, 17. Saints Stanislaus,  Dorothy, and Wenceslaus, 18. Municipal Baths, 19. Corpus
Christi, 20. Opera, 21. Renoma Shopping Centre, 22. Most Holy Name of Jesus (Academic), 23. former Communist Party Provincial Committee,
24. St Elisabeth of Hungary (Minor Basilica, Garrison Church of the Polish Army), 25.Nativity of the Most Holy Mother of God (Orthodox Cathedral),
26. Prussian Kings' Palace, 27. post-Prussian police, courts and prison complex, 28. St Ignatius Loyola (Jesuits)


Wroclaw city centre panorama from the Sky Tower view point

Post-Prussian police, courts and prison complex in Wroclaw, Śląsk Polski Polish Silesia Polské Slezsko Polnisch Schlesien Wroclaw city centre panorama from the Sky Tower view point silesian,eu
 Post-Prussian police, courts and prison complex in Wroclaw, Śląsk Polski Polish Silesia Polské Slezsko Polnisch Schlesien

Wroclaw city centre panorama from the Sky Tower view point
R to L: Most Holy Name of Jesus, Town Hall surrounded with Market Square row houses, former Jesuit College now Ossolineum, St Matthew the ApostleWroclaw city centre panorama from the Sky Tower view point
R to L: Most Holy Name of Jesus, Town Hall surrounded with Market Square row houses, former Jesuit College now Ossolineum, St Matthew the Apostle
Śląsk Polski Polish Silesia Polské Slezsko Polnisch Schlesien
 Aula Leopoldina is a beautiful Baroque Hall named after the founder of Wroclaw University in 1702, the Austrian Emperor Leopold I, the one who fled from Vienna before the Polish king John III Sobieski in 1683 saved Vienna, all Austria and other German countries from being seized by Turkish  Ottomans.
Aula Leopoldina is a beautiful Baroque Hall named after the founder of Wroclaw University in 1702, the Austrian Emperor Leopold I, the one who fled from Vienna before the Polish king John III Sobieski in 1683 saved Vienna, all Austria and other German countries from being seized by Turkish Ottomans. The Polish University of Wroclaw graduation ceremony watched angrily by one of terrible Fritzes, aggressive and ruthless kings of Prussia
The Polish University of Wroclaw graduation ceremony watched angrily by one of terrible Fritzes, aggressive and ruthless kings of Prussia
Love Wroclaw 's youth: happy, smart and cute
Love Wroclaw 's youth: happy, smart and cute Polish Silesia, Śląsk Polski, Polske Slezsko, Polnisch Schlesien silesian.eu
Śląsk Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
Cathedral Island (Ostrow Tumski) on the Odra River, the most iconic view of Wroclaw, the capital of Polish Silesia.
Cathedral Island (Ostrow Tumski) on the Odra River, the most iconic view of Wroclaw, the capital of Polish Silesia, Śląsk Polski, Polske Slezsko, Polnisch Schlesien
 St John the Baptist's Archcathedral (on the right), Church of the Holy Cross / St. Bartholomew's, papal faculty and archbishop's palace in between
Śląsk Polski Polish Silesia Polské Slezsko Polnisch Schlesien

Forever Wroclaw: Tumski Green Cathedral Bridge.

Forever Wroclaw: Tumski Green Cathedral Bridge. After having locked your eternal love padlock, don't forget to throw the key into the Odra river, to make sure your love will last forever
 After having locked your eternal love padlock, don't forget to throw the key into the Odra river, to make sure your love will last forever
Wroclaw, Poland, the European Capital of Culture 2016
Love Wroclaw street musicians at the Cathedral Bridge of everlasting love, all rights reserved halat.com Wroclaw, Poland, the European Capital of Culture 2016
Love Wroclaw street musicians at the Cathedral Bridge of everlasting love, all rights reserved halat.com
Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
Wroclaw Town Hall east elevation, the most iconic detail of Wroclaw, the capital of Polish Silesia.
Town Hall east elevation, the most iconic detail of Wroclaw , the capital of Polish Silesia, Śląsk Polski, Polske Slezsko, Polnisch Schlesien

Love Wroclaw 's splendid architecture
Love Wroclaw 's splendid achitecture
Śląsk Polski Polish Silesia Polské Slezsko Polnisch Schlesien

The Tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church, basilica minor, Garrison Church of the Polish Army

St Elizabeth's Church observation deck offers panoramic views of Wroclaw. At 75 mts (574 feet) high, with 302 steps to walk, the viewing point is a nice gym facility: climbing stairs - about 0.11 calories per step up (0.05 down), walking on flat ground - about 0.03 calories per step.
St Elizabeth's Church observation deck offers panoramic views of Wroclaw. At 75 mts (246 feet) high, with 302 steps to walk,
 the viewing point is a nice gym facility: climbing stairs - about 0.11 calories per step up (0.05 down), walking on flat ground - about 0.03 calories per step.


The Roman Catholic Church of Saints Stanislaus, Dorothy, and Wenceslaus, erected to commemorate the Peace Treaty of Namyslow of 1348 AD. (with the black cross in the roof cover); the closest is the 10 storey City Savings Bank of 1931 (west side of the Market Square) Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Roman Catholic Church of Saints Stanislaus, Dorothy, and Wenceslaus, erected to commemorate the Peace Treaty of Namyslow of 1348 AD (see here)
(with the black  cross in the roof cover); the closest is the 10 storey City Savings Bank of 1931 (west side of the Market Square)
 

Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church
The Wroclaw Market Square founded by Polish Piast Henry I the Bearded between 1214 and 1232 (his wife was Saint Hedwig of Silesia) was destroyed as a result of Festung Breslau, regained by Poland and reconstructed according to the way it looked in the late 18th century, in Baroque and Classicism style. A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Wroclaw Market Square founded  by Polish Piast Henry I the Bearded between 1214 and 1232 (his wife was Saint Hedwig of Silesia) was destroyed as a result of Festung Breslau, finally regained by Poland and reconstructed  according to the way it looked in the late 18th century, in Baroque and Classicism style.


  Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church
The Wroclaw Market Square: the inner block with the Town Hall and the New City Hall, the southern side (frontal view), and the west side (back view); on the corner of the Salt Square and the Market Square is the 10 storey City Savings Bank of 1931 (west side of the Market Square), this building is three floors lower in the Salt Square (the northern side of the Salt Square aka Polish Square) and is facing the Old Stock Exchange (frontal view, to the right)
The Wroclaw Market Square: the inner block with the Town Hall and the New City Hall, the southern side (frontal view), and the west side (back view);
 on the corner of the Salt Square and the Market Square 
is the 10 storey City Savings Bank of 1931 (west side of the Market Square), this building is three floors lower in the Salt Square (the northern side of the Salt Square aka Polish Square) and is facing the Old Stock Exchange (frontal view, to the right)

A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
  Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church
University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw University bridge, Jesuit Church of the Most Holy Name of Jesus. Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
 University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw University bridge, Jesuit Church of  the Most Holy Name of Jesus
Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen

The Architecture Faculty building of Technical University of Wroclaw. St Michael the Archangel Roman Catholic Church, the Redzinski Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge spanning the Odra river. With its pylon reaching a height of 122 m (400 ft) and having a total length of 1.7 km (1.1 mi), the Redzinski Bridge is the tallest and longest bridge in Poland.
 The Architecture Faculty building of Technical University of Wroclaw. St Michael the Archangel Roman Catholic Church, the Redzinski Bridge, a cable-stayed bridge spanning the Odra river. With its pylon reaching a height of 122 m (400 ft) and having a total length of 1.7 km (1.1 mi), the Redzinski Bridge is the tallest and longest bridge in Poland.
Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Architecture Faculty building of Technical University of Wroclaw at the Olbin lake where magnificent St Vincent Abbey was located by Peter Wlastowic in 1139.
 The Architecture Faculty building of Technical University of Wroclaw at the Olbin lake where magnificent St Vincent Abbey was situated by Peter Wlastowic in 1139.(more here and here)
'Ohn' Fleiss kein Preis' - 'Nothing won without effort' (i.e. 'No pain, no gain') - 'Bez pracy nie ma kołaczy' - 'No hay ganancia sin fatiga'  
Love Wrocław 's serenity. Wroclaw, Poland, along with San Sebastián (Donostia in Basque), Spain, will be the European Capital of Culture in 2016. Wrocław wraz z San Sebastian (Donostia po baskijsku), Hiszpania, będzie Europejską Stolicą Kultury 2016 - San Sebastián será Capital Europea de la Cultura en 2016 junto con Breslavia, Polonia
Love Wroclaw 's serenity. Wroclaw, Poland, along with  San Sebastián (Donostia in Basque), Spain, will be the European Capital of Culture in 2016.
Wrocław wraz z San Sebastian (Donostia po baskijsku), Hiszpania, będzie Europejską Stolicą Kultury 2016  - San Sebastián será Capital Europea de la Cultura en 2016 junto con Breslavia, Polonia


Modern Style aka Jugendstil aka L'art Nouveau aka Secession round tenement-house, Prusa street No.5-5a # Świętokrzyska street No.57
Modern Style aka Jugendstil aka L'art Nouveau aka Secession round beautifully decorated tenement house
Prusa street No. 5-5a # Świętokrzyska street No. 57, Wroclaw, Poland

The Wroclaw Market Square: the northern side (to the right), and the inner block, citizens' houses (to the left) Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen silesian.eu
The Wroclaw Market Square: the northern side (to the right), and the inner block, citizens' houses (to the left)
Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side

The Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side, Modern Style aka Jugendstil aka L'art Nouveau aka Secession Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side, Modern Style aka Jugendstil aka L'art Nouveau aka Secession
 Love Wroclaw tourist guides. The Bricklayers Bastion, Polish Street - Polish Hill all rights reserved silesian.eu
Love Wroclaw tourist guides. The Bricklayers Bastion, Polish Street - Polish Hill  all rights reserved silesian.eu

The Old Stock Exchange building at the Salt Squ. in the style of an Italian Renaissance city palace was designed by Carl Ferdinand Langhans, and built 1822-1825  silesian.eu
The Old Stock Exchange building at the Salt Squ. in the style of an Italian Renaissance city palace was designed by Carl Ferdinand Langhans, and built 1822-1825

The Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side, modernist period aka Jugendstilepoche Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side, modernist period aka Jugendstilepoche
 Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen

The Wroclaw Market Square: the late Gothic Town Hall and the early Nazi skyscraper of 1931. Only one year later, 44% the German inhabitants of the pre-war Breslau voted for Hitler - the third-highest total in all of Germany].
The Wroclaw Market Square:  the late Gothic Town Hall and the early Nazi skyscraper of 1931.
Only one year later,  in the year 1932, 44% the German inhabitants of the pre-war Breslau voted for Hitler - the third-highest total in all of Germany.

 Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The 10 storey City Savings Bank (German: Hochhaus der staedtischen Sparkasse) was one of many planned by Max Berg, an architect who designed the Jahrhunderthalle, (Polish: Hala Ludowa - People's Hall), to replace the historical past of the Wroclaw Market Square after demolishing old buildings (c.f. here).
The 10 storey City Savings Bank (German: Hochhaus der staedtischen Sparkasse) was one of many planned by Max Berg, an architect who designed the Jahrhunderthalle, (Polish:  Hala Ludowa - People's Hall), to replace the historical past of the Wroclaw Market Square after demolishing old buildings (c.f. here).
 
To the unrealized designs Berg included construction of a tall building with a facade of steel and glass  (Stahl und Glas) next to the Wroclaw City Hall.

  Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
Arrogant ideas considered as progressive by the fomer (till 1945) German owners of Wroclaw who were National Socialists (Nazis) have left behind an urbanistic horror on the corner of the Salt Square and the Market Square which is the 10 storey City Savings Bank of 1931 in the Old Town.
Arrogant ideas considered as progressive by the fomer (till 1945) German owners of Wroclaw who were National Socialists (Nazis)
have left behind an urbanistic horror on the corner of the Salt Square and the Market Square which is the 10 storey City Savings Bank of 1931 in the Old Town.
 Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen

Below is another example of arrogance and barbarism, from four hundred years earlier than the Nazis came to power...
The western column of the Romanesque stone portal of the year 1180 from the St Vincent Abbey of 1139. Under false pretences the Abbey was demolished by religious haters within one month starting on 14 October 1529. The Olbin Portal was saved. built in the st Mary Magdalene church in 1546, and can bring us back to the Peter Wlast epoch of Wroclaw.    Romanesque stone portal of the year 1180 from the St Vincent Abbey of 1139. Under false pretences the Abbey was demolished by religious haters within one month starting on 14 October 1529. The Olbin Portal was saved. built in the st Mary Magdalene church in 1546, and can bring us back to the Peter Wlast epoch of Wroclaw.
Romanesque stone portal of the year 1180 from the St Vincent Abbey of 1139. Under false pretences the Abbey was demolished by religious haters within one month starting on 14 October 1529. The Olbin Portal was saved. built in the st Mary Magdalene church in 1546, and can bring us back to the Peter Wlast epoch of Wroclaw.

Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen

A panoramic vieof Wroclaw city from Witches’ Bridge of the st Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church
The Wroclaw Market Square: the northern side and the st Elisabeth church (on the right), the Town Hall (far left), and the inner block, citizens' houses (in between)
The Wroclaw Market Square: the northern side and the st Elisabeth church (on the right), the Town Hall (far left), and the inner block, citizens' houses (in between)

 Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from Witches’ Bridge of the st Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church
e Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side (on the left), the inner block, citizens' houses (on the left), the Town Hall (in between) Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen silesian. eu
The Wroclaw Market Square: the southern side (on the left), the inner block, citizens' houses (on the left), the Town Hall (in between)

Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church
The Wroclaw Market Square: the inner block - citizens' houses, the New Town Hall, the Old Town Hall. Behind the eastern side of the Market Square, the st Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church can be seen (far left)
The Wroclaw Market Square: the inner block - citizens' houses, the New Town Hall, the Old Town Hall
Behind the eastern side of the Market Square, the st Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church can be seen (far left)
  ,
Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church
The st Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church. The bridge connecting the two towers is called the Witches’ Bridge. A legend says that the shadows visible on the bridge are the souls of the girls who used to seduce men without wanting to be married, being scared of housekeeping.
The st Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church. The bridge connecting the two towers is called the Witches’ Bridge. A legend says that the shadows visible on the bridge are the souls of the girls who used to seduce men without wanting to be married, being scared of housekeeping.
Love Wroclaw glimpse to die for. Wroclaw, Poland, along with San Sebastián (Donostia in Basque), Spain, will be the European Capital of Culture in 2016. Wrocław wraz z San Sebastian (Donostia po baskijsku), Hiszpania, będzie Europejską Stolicą Kultury 2016 San Sebastián será Capital Europea de la Cultura en 2016 junto con Breslavia, Polonia 2016an Donostia hiria Polonia Wrocław hiriburuarekin bateria Europako Kultura Hiriburu izango dira.
Love Wrocław glimpse to die for               all rights reserved silesian.eu
Śląsk Polski Polish Silesia Polské Slezsko Polnisch Schlesien

A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
  Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen

In Polish Wroclaw, many buildings still remind the nightmare of German Nazi Breslau

In Polish Wroclaw, many buildings still remind the nightmare of German Nazi Breslau Olympic Stadium in Wroclaw, Stadion Olimpijski we Wrocławiu, before 1945: Hermann Göring Stadion in Breslau; in spite of its name the stadium wasn't any venue of the Hitler's Germany Olympic Games 1936, so the nazis didn't remove signs stating "Jews not wanted" and similar slogans from the city's main tourist attractions.
Olympic Stadium in Wroclaw, Stadion Olimpijski we Wrocławiu, before 1945:  Hermann Göring Stadion in Breslau; in spite of its name the stadium wasn't any venue of the Hitler's Germany Olympic Games 1936, so the nazis didn't remove signs stating "Jews not wanted" and similar slogans from the city's main tourist attractions.

A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church, Legnicka Str., Strzegomski Squ.
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen Legnicka Str., Strzegomski Squ. Remainings of the German (the WW II Hochbunker, 25 m high, walls 1,1 m, ceilings 1,5 m thick), and Soviet (communist type buildings) past of Wroclaw history
Remainings of the German (the WW II Hochbunker, 25 m high, walls 1,1 m, ceilings 1,5 m 
thick), and Soviet (communist type buildings) past of Wroclaw history
  Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
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Above the entrance to the Museum of Contemporary Art in Wroclaw, The Hourglass (Klepsydra), a mural by artist Stanislaw Drozdz (Stanisław Dróżdż) Wroclaw, the capital of Silesia was, is, and will be soaked with Polish arts it*will*be
it*will*be
it*will*be
it*will*be
it*will*be
it*is
it*was
it*was
it*was
it*was
it*was
Above the entrance to the Museum of Contemporary Art in Wroclaw, The Hourglass (Klepsydra), a mural by artist Stanislaw Drozdz (Stanisław Dróżdż)
Wroclaw, the capital of Silesia was, is, and will be soaked with Polish arts
The Train to Heaven (Pociąg do nieba) the largest urban sculpture in Poland weighs 80 tons, consists of old steam engine and 30 metres long rails, by artist Andrzej Jarodzki, 2010, Wroclaw Poland's accession into the European Union ended her outstanding industrial growth achieved after the WW 2, including the rolling stock factory PA-FA-WAG, which was located in Wroclaw
The Train to Heaven (Pociąg do nieba) the largest urban sculpture in Poland weighs 80 tons, consists of old steam engine and 30 metres long rails, by artist Andrzej Jarodzki, 2010, Wroclaw
  Poland's accession into the European Union ended her outstanding industrial growth achieved after the WW 2, including the rolling stock factory PA-FA-WAG, which was  located in Wroclaw.
St Maximilian Kolbe Martyr of Charity Roman Catholic church in Wroclaw West Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe was a Polish intellectual, Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz
St Maximilian Kolbe Martyr of Charity Roman Catholic church in Wroclaw West
Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe was a Polish intellectual, Franciscan friar who volunteered to die in place of a stranger in the German death camp of Auschwitz


A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of the st Elisabeth and st Laurentius Roman Catholic Church
The Wroclaw Millennium Bridge and the Redzinski Bridge, the biggest in Poland Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Wroclaw Millennium Bridge and the Redzinski Bridge, the biggest in Poland

  Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The sunset view from the Wroclaw Millennium Bridge down the Odra River, the Redzinski Bridge on the horizon silesian.eu
The sunset view from the Wroclaw Millennium Bridge down the Odra River, the Redzinski Bridge on the horizon
Love Wroclaw 's river Odra, admire its water gap
Love Wroclaw 's river Odra, admire its water gap Śląsk Polski, Polske Slezsko, Polnisch Schlesien silesian.eu
Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Odra River by night as much enjoyable as during the day
The Odra River by night as much enjoyable as during the day

Love Wroclaw Grunwaldzki suspension bridge, all rights reserved silesian.eu
Love Wroclaw Grunwaldzki suspension bridge, all rights reserved silesian.eu

Wrocław,  Śląsk Polski - Wroclaw, Polish Silesia - Vratislav, Polské Slezsko - Breslau, Polnisch Schlesien

Wow! you say when you see the Old Town in Wroclaw, Poland

Wow! you say when you see the Old Town in Wroclaw, Poland

Wow, wow, and keep on wowing, while taking pics of each other, taking sweet selfies, and checking for water stains.
Wow, wow, and keep on wowing, while taking pics of each other, taking sweet selfies, and checking for water stains.
W stands for Polish City of Wroclaw, World Virginity until Marriage Capital, Wow
W stands for Polish City of Wroclaw, World Virginity until Marriage Capital, Wow Top 3 Things To Do In Wroclaw: Say Wow, Take Pics, Hurry to Marry A Virgin* *virgin groom married to virgin bride: the best prognostic factor for a successful marriage
Top 3 Things To Do In Wroclaw: Say Wow, Take Pics, Hurry To Marry A Virgin*
*virgin groom married to virgin bride: the best prognostic factor for a successful marriage


W stands for Polish City of Wroclaw, World Virginity until Marriage Capital, Wow Top 3 Things To Do In Wroclaw: Say Wow, Take Pics, Hurry to Marry A Virgin* *virgin groom married to virgin bride: the best prognostic factor for a successful marriage
Wrocławskie Dziewice to my! The Wroclaw virgins are us!
Top 3 Things To Do In Wroclaw: Say Wow, Take Pics, Hurry To Marry A Virgin*
*virgin groom married to virgin bride: the best prognostic factor for a successful marriage


Kaja sokola and her storm of emotions.  Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat
Kaja sokola and her storm of emotions.                              Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat

Pink elements make teen girl jockey and horse costumes a perfect fit at Partynice Racecourse, Wroclaw Poland

Pink elements make teen girl jockey and horse costumes a perfect fit at Partynice Racecourse, Wroclaw Poland Among Polish cities Wroclaw is the first and only member of EURO EQUUS - The European Network of Horses Cities
Among Polish cities Wroclaw is the first and only member of EURO EQUUS - The European Network of Horses Cities

Wrocław,  Śląsk Polski - Wroclaw, Polish Silesia - Vratislav, Polské Slezsko - Breslau, Polnisch Schlesien

Tadeusz Kantor's Chair, concrete sculpture, height 9 m, weight 8 t, designed 1970, realized 2011.  Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat
Tadeusz Kantor's Chair, concrete sculpture, height 9 m, weight 8 t, designed 1970, realized 2011. 
Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat



Stunningly beautiful Marianna, 24-year-old Roman Catholic maiden, Ukrainian of Polish origin, from Rudki / Rudky, the city of Lwow / Lviv area, West Ukraine. Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat. Rudki belonged to the Fredro family before September 17, 1939, when begun the Russian invasion and occupation of the Eastern lands of Poland (in Polish: Kresy Wschodnie). This is known as 'a treacherous stab in the back' because - as fulfilment of the Ribbentrop–Molotov Pact aka Nazi–Soviet Pact - occured 17 days after the German invasion and occupation of  the Western lands of Poland during the Second World War.
Stunningly beautiful Marianna, 24-year-old Roman Catholic maiden, Ukrainian of Polish origin, from Rudki / Rudky, the city of Lwow / Lviv area, West Ukraine. Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat. Rudki belonged to the Fredro family before September 17, 1939, when begun the Russian invasion and occupation of the Eastern lands of Poland (in Polish: Kresy Wschodnie). This is known as 'a treacherous stab in the back' because - as fulfilment of the Ribbentrop–Molotov Pact aka Nazi–Soviet Pact - occured 17 days after the German invasion and occupation of  the Western lands of Poland during the Second World War.

Count Alexander Fredro and Marianna, 24, maiden both from Rudki, Lvov / Lviv area, Ukraine. She represents the Eastern Polish /Western Ukrainian canon of facial and spiritual beauty. Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat.  Count Aleksander Fredro [Alexander hr. Fredro], Boncza coat of arms ("on a blue field is a white Unicorn, like a horse, its forelegs raised as if it has been driven toward the right side of the shield, and on its head is a tapering horn: on the helm and the crown is half of a unicorn like the one on the shield" 'Herbarz Polski' by Kasper Niesiecki, heraldic motto 'Friede Herr', i.e. 'Peace, O Lord',  (1793 – 1876) was the greatest Polish comedy writer. His tomb is part of the Fredro family mausoleum in the Roman Catholic Church of the Assumption of the Most Holy Virgin Mary in Rudki / Rudky. Aleksander Fredro monument, was moved from Lviv (Ukraine) to Wroclaw (Poland) after World War II.  Fredro statue designed by Leonard Marconi located in front of the entrance to the Town Hall has been the most popular place to have a first date for multiple generations of post-war inhabitants of Polish Wroclaw (as well as that of visitors).
Count Alexander Fredro and Marianna, 24, maiden, both from Rudki, Lvov / Lviv area, Ukraine. She represents the Eastern Polish / Western Ukrainian canon of facial and spiritual beauty. Fine art photography by Zbigniew Halat. Count Aleksander Fredro [Alexander hr. Fredro], Boncza coat of arms ("on a blue field is a white Unicorn, like a horse, its forelegs raised as if it has been driven toward the right side of the shield, and on its head is a tapering horn: on the helm and the crown is half of a unicorn like the one on the shield" 'Herbarz Polski' by Kasper Niesiecki, heraldic motto 'Friede Herr', i.e. 'Peace, O Lord',  (1793 – 1876) was the greatest Polish comedy writer. His tomb is part of the Fredro family mausoleum in the Roman Catholic Church of the Assumption of the Most Holy Virgin Mary in Rudki / Rudky. Aleksander Fredro monument, was moved from Lviv (Ukraine) to Wroclaw (Poland) after World War II.  Fredro statue designed by Leonard Marconi located in front of the entrance to the Town Hall has been the most popular place to have a first date for multiple generations of post-war inhabitants of Polish Wroclaw (as well as that of visitors).

Gojenie ran historii w imię przyjaźni i jedności narodów słowiańskich. Зцілення ран історії заради дружбі і єдністі слов'янських народів. Healing the Wounds of History for the sake of Friendship and Unity of the Slavic Peoples. Ivan the Ukrainian from the city of Kryvyi Rih, East Ukraine and his three muses, one of them Polish by origin Marianna from Rudki (the city of Lwow / Lviv area, West Ukraine. on youtube
Gojenie ran historii w imię przyjaźni i jedności narodów słowiańskich. Зцілення ран історії заради дружбі і єдністі слов'янських народів. Healing the Wounds of History for the sake of Friendship and Unity of the Slavic Peoples. Ivan Kozuba, the Ukrainian from the city of Kryvyi Rih, East Ukraine and his three muses, one of them Polish by origin Marianna from Rudki (the city of Lwow / Lviv area, West Ukraine. on youtube

Wroclaw Polish Silesia silesian.eu
Wroclaw, Poland: the capital of Polish Silesia proud of its Roman - Catholic past, present and future


On the territory of the oldest Europe's civilization to the east of what was later named by the Germans 'limes Sorabicus', over thousands of years emerged autochthonic nations of West Slavs. Only Poles and Czechs created their own states and survived the Drang nach Osten extermination.


All began ca 5 000 BC as documented by archaeological evidence linked to Goseck, Aythra, Nickern, Sleza and numerous other discoveries of the following cultures 4 000 - 1 800: Linear Pottery culture, 3 500: Lengyel culture, 3 500 - 3000: Funnelbeaker culture, 2 500: Globular Amphora culture, 2 000: Corded Ware culture (Indo-European invasion), 1900: Bell-Beaker culture, 1 800: Marszowice (Marschwitz) group of the Corded Ware culture (Protoslavic), 1 800 - 1 500: Unetice Culture, 1 500 - 1 300: pre-Lusatian Culture, 1 300 – 500: Lusatian Culture (pre-Slavic), 400 – 0 The Hallstatt and La Tène Cultures of the Celts influences, 400 BC – 500 AD Przeworsk culture (early Slavic) of Slavic Lugii or Veneds, ca 400 AD occasionally invaded by roaming Germanic hordes. After 500 AD, an ethnic and linguistic group the West Slavic culture – the Lechites who inherited areas of compact settlement east of Elbe (Laba) still homologous but facing the threat of extermination by the Germans, created separate unions, or nations like the Polish nation of Polans, Slezans, Pomeranians, Vistulans, Mazovians and other minor tribes under rule of the clan of Piasts.

The fertile area that stretches from Mt Sleza (of what all Silesia took its name) to to the large Odra River Valley was a cradle of evolution for the West Slavic Slezans tribe. At the crossroads of north-south (via ambra, Amber Road) and west-east (via regia, High Road) trade routes, the Slezans' prince Wrocisław (Vratislav) established fortified settlements on Odra river islets, named after him Wroclaw (Vratislavia, Wratislavia).

By the end of the first millennium after Christ, Wroclaw was enough important to be declared one of metropolises of the mediaeval Europe, as thanks to Boleslaw I the Brave, the first king (1025) of newly created Christian Polish state (966), at the Congress of Gniezno, 7 to 15 March 1000, Wroclaw became one of four seats of Roman Catholic bishops in Poland, the other three were in Krakow, Poznan and Kolobrzeg, all subordinated to Gniezno Archbishopric.

The most famous heir of Slezans tribe was Peter Wlastowic (son of Wlast, Polish: Piotr Wlostowic, 1080-1153, also known as Wlast, Wlost, Wlostowic), the owner of Mt Sleza, and of the Wroclaw islets in the Odra River, including the one called Olbin after his clan's name - Swan (Olbadz in medieval Slavic languages).

Peter Wlastowic belongs to the Hall of Fame of the Polish State as a victorious commander defeating enemies of Poland, genial politician, talented governor, the steadfast Pole, always driven by the interests of Poland, ally of Polabian Slavs, incomparable builder of Poland in Silesia, sinful but capable to accept a severe penance, thanks to which Silesia blossomed with magnificent buildings, Christian religion and culture. The most magnificent sacral complex founded by Peter Wlastowic on his Slezan heritage land Olbin, was St Vincent Abbey of 1139. Under false pretences of a fight against Turks, who never entered Silesia, the monastery complex was demolished by Lutherans within one month starting on 14 October 1529. This date is being commemorated from a position of persecuted Catholics in Wroclaw and all Silesia..

Peter Wlastowic was married to Maria, daughter of the Great Prince of Kiev, great-granddaughter of st Vladimir the Great, the Baptiser of Rus, and great-great-granddaughter of the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, Roman II Porphyrogeneta. The most impressive although rather tiny remaining out of numerous sacral buildings founded by Peter Wlast and his wife, one can admire in the Church of the Most Holy Virgin Mary on the Sand Island in Wroclaw. This is a foundation relief tympanum (1150-1160), modelled on Hagia Sofia in Constantinople, depicting Peter's widow Maria and and their son Swetoslaw offering a model church to Enthroned Madonna with the Infant Jesus. Sedes Sapientiae Wratislaviensis (the Wroclaw Throne of Wisdom) is an everlasting source of Roman Catholic faith in Wroclaw, capital of Polish Silesia.

The Roman Catholic patron of Wroclaw is blessed Ceslaus OP, born in Polish Silesian town Kamien Slaski, who was a Dominican monk of such a strong faith that during a Mongol invasion of Europe, which was stopped in Battle of Legnica on 9 April 1241, reportedly attempted to convert the invaders to Christian faith, with fervent prayers saved a substantial part of Wroclaw, and in spite of the defeat of Silesians under the command of the Polish prince Henry II the Pious of Silesia, who was killed under Legnica, the Mongols stopped their conquest in Europe.

As a result of disastrous fragmentation of Poland and hostile acts against Polish rule in Silesia, the German king of Bohemia, Johann der Blinde von Luxemburg, an ally of Teutonic Order, invaded Silesia in 1327. That time the last independent prince from Polish Piast dynasty was Bolko II - a grandson of King Ladislaus I the Short of Poland and a cousin of Ladislaus's successor, King Casimir III the Great of Poland. Bolko was famous of his pride of being  Polish prince who despised the sinful traitors of Poland. Polish Piast Bolko II,  the last independent prince of Silesia died on 28 Jul 1368.

The Holy Mass to commemorate the death anniversary of prince Bolko II is celebrated at the Our Lady of Good Counsel and Wisdom of the Heart Slezan Sanctuary in Sulistrowiczki, 42 kms south of Wroclaw, Poland, every year, the first Sunday after 28 July, at high noon.

Wroclaw, Polish Silesia, city centre 1588 - 1597, from Saint John the Baptist Cathedral to Saint  Elisabeth and Saint Laurentius Church, with Town Hall, Saint Mary Magdalene, Saint Vincent, Saint Clare, Saint Matthew, Saint Adalbert among others
Wroclaw, Polish Silesia, city centre 1588 - 1597, from Saint John the Baptist Cathedral to Saint Elisabeth and Saint Laurentius Church, with Town Hall, Saint Mary Magdalene, Saint Vincent, Saint Clare, Saint Matthew, Saint Adalbert among others

Slask Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen

Wroclaw, Polish Silesia, city centre 2013
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of Saint John the Baptist Roman Catholic Cathedral. The Wroclaw skyline towers and some other points of interest (from right to left): The Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church, behind it is former orphanage (orphanotropheum) for Catholic orphans of noble origin (1702-1715), Katedralna street leading to Most Holy Virgin Mary on the Sand Roman Catholic Church, on the left side of Katedralna street the closest is Pontifical Faculty of Theology, behind it - The Archbishop's of Wroclaw Palace, Jesuit Church of the Most Holy Name of Jesus (with white top facade, no tower, in the middle far away), Peter Wlastowic boulevard (frontal view) leading to bridge over The Odra river branch and further to Market Hall to Saint James and Saint Vincent Greek Catholic Cathedral (tower) with Hochberg Chapel in white, behind it is Saint Elisabeth and Saint Laurentius the highest tower (far away), to the left of it is the Town Hall tower and Saint Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church (to the left far).
A panoramic view of Wroclaw city from the tower of Saint John the Baptist Roman Catholic Cathedral
The Wroclaw skyline towers and some other points of interest  (from right to left): The Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church, behind it is former orphanage (orphanotropheum) for Catholic orphans of noble origin (1702-1715), Katedralna street leading to Most Holy Virgin Mary on the Sand Roman Catholic Church, on the left side of Katedralna street the closest is Pontifical Faculty of Theology, behind it  - The Archbishop's of Wroclaw Palace, Jesuit Church of  the Most Holy Name of Jesus (with white top facade, no tower, in the middle far away),  Peter Wlastowic boulevard (frontal view) leading to bridge over The Odra river branch and further to Market Hall to Saint James and Saint Vincent Greek Catholic Cathedral (tower) with Hochberg Chapel in white, behind it is Saint Elisabeth and Saint Laurentius the highest tower (far away), to the left of it is the Town Hall tower and Saint  Mary Magdalene Polish Catholic Church (to the left, far).


SEDES SAPIENTIAE WRATISLAVIENSIS

SEDES SAPIENTIAE WRATISLAVIENSIS

Wroclaw, Poland: the capital of Polish Silesia proud of its Roman - Catholic past, present and future


In Wroclaw, Poland, the capital of Polish Silesia proud of its Roman Catholic past, present and future 
God reveals His will and manifests His power with the brilliance of the Bible
Wroclaw, Poland, the capital of Polish Silesia  proud of its Roman Catholic past, present and future 

Wrocław pod Górą Ślężą Wroclaw under the Mountain Sleza Wroclaw pod horou Slezou Wroclaw unter dem Berg SlezaWrocław pod Górą Ślężą Wroclaw under the Mountain Sleza Wroclaw pod horou Slezou Wroclaw unter dem Berg Sleza
Polish Silesian Sleza Mountain: Mt Sleza - Mt Olympus of the Middle Europe

Mt Sleza  Silesian Sleza Mountain

Ślężańska dzika przyroda zachwyca i kuruje. Szanuj przyrodę ojczystą. Źródło * Anna * Dzika * Przyroda * Góra * Ślęża * Śląsk * Polski silesian.eu
Ślężańska dzika przyroda zachwyca i kuruje. Szanuj przyrodę ojczystą.

Źródło * Anna * Dzika * Przyroda * Góra * Ślęża * Śląsk * Polski
Cargill's emitting a nauseating stench of organic allergens and  chemical toxins

.Cargill's emitting a nauseating stench of organic allergens and chemical toxins. Wroclaw mayor won't help. Want to be like Erin Brockovich? Take action against the Wroclaw's worst air polluter: Starches and Sweeteners Cargill Poland Sp. z o.o. ul. MacMillan 1. Bielany Wroclawskie 55-040 Kobierzyce
Wroclaw mayor won't help. Want to be like Erin Brockovich? Take action against the Wroclaw's worst air polluter:
Starches and Sweeteners Cargill Poland Sp. z o.o. ul. MacMillan 1. Bielany Wroclawskie 55-040 Kobierzyce
They supply a next door plant of  Cadbury-Wedel SA with High fructose corn syrup  (HFCS) aka  glucose–fructose syrup (GFS).
The more of it you eat, the more of it you breathe.

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Where to file interventions, protests and complaints?
Mayor's Office Wroclaw (Urząd Miejski Wrocławia): Nowy Targ Squ. 1- 8, 50-141 Wroclaw

Where to file interventions, protests and complaints? Mayor's Office Wroclaw (Urząd Miejski Wrocławia): Nowy Targ Squ. 1- 8, 50-141 Wroclaw  The Municipal Office of Wroclaw - City Hall in Wroclaw, Poland silesian.eu
The Municipal Office of Wroclaw - City Hall in Wroclaw, Poland


The Night of Saint John - Noc świętojańska - Noc svatého Jana - Nacht des Heiligen Johannes
Śląsk Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen
The Night of Saint John - Noc świętojańska - Noc svatého Jana - Nacht des Heiligen Johannes St John's night festivities: summer - solstice Slavic dances on Mount Sleza Przezwyciężanie awersji i znajdowanie radości z życia razem - Overcoming aversions and finding joy of life together Překonání averzi a nalezení radosti ze života spolu - Überwindung Aversionen und Finden der Freude des Zusammenlebens Преодоление неприятия и нахождение радости жизни вместе
St John's night festivities:  summer - solstice Slavic  dances on Mount Sleza
Przezwyciężanie awersji i znajdowanie radości z życia razem - Overcoming aversions and finding joy of life together 
Překonání averzi a nalezení radosti  ze života spolu - Überwindung Aversionen und Finden der Freude des Zusammenlebens

Преодоление  неприятия  и нахождение радости жизни вместе





Dziewiczy Wrocław, Europejska Stolica Kultury 2016. Dziewictwo do ślubu jest najlepsze dla ciebie. Virginal Wroclaw, Poland, European Capital of Culture 2016. Virginity until marriage is the best for you.
Dziewiczy Wrocław, Europejska Stolica Kultury 2016. Dziewictwo do ślubu jest najlepsze dla ciebie. 
Virginal Wroclaw, Poland, European Capital of Culture 2016. Virginity until marriage is the best for you.
Marcelina, 17, poleca   * * * * *  Marcellina, 17, recommends  

 2016-wroclaw-culture.com



The Art and Spirit of Wroclaw, Poland


The Art and Spirit of Wroclaw, Poland

The Multiannual Wroclaw Festival of Integrity of the Human Person. dedicated to St John Paul II
Motto: Time for Enlightenment in Europe

Love Wroclaw's culture. European Capital of Culture 2016: Wroclaw, Poland and San Sebastián (Donostia), Spain Europejska Stolica Kultury 2016: Wrocław, Polska i San Sebastian (Donostia), Hiszpania Capital Europea de la Cultura 2016: Wroclaw, Polonia y San Sebastián (Donostia), España 2016ko Europako Kultur Hiriburu: Wroclaw, Polonia eta San Sebastián (Donostia), Espainia
European Capital of Culture 2016: Wroclaw, Poland and San Sebastián (Donostia), Spain
Europejska Stolica Kultury 2016: Wrocław, Polska i San Sebastian (Donostia), Hiszpania
Capital Europea de la Cultura 2016: Wroclaw, Polonia y San Sebastián (Donostia), España
2016ko Europako Kultur Hiriburu: Wroclaw, Polonia eta San Sebastián (Donostia), Espainia


Wroclaw, Poland, European Capital of Culture 2016, is instrumental in promoting compensatory fertility to protect indigenous peoples of Europe from extinction and diverse European cultures from disappearance. 
culture of compensatory fertility - the last chance for Europe



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The art of virginal charm - an irrepressible and an irresistible grace of virginity

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Miss Love of Wroclaw, Poland, World Virginity until Marriage Capital,
European Capital of Culture 2016


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The Wroclaw Virgins are Us!


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European Capital of Culture 2016: Wroclaw, Poland and San Sebastián (Donostia), Spain
Europejska Stolica Kultury 2016: Wrocław, Polska i San Sebastian (Donostia), Hiszpania
Capital Europea de la Cultura 2016: Wroclaw, Polonia y San Sebastián (Donostia), España
2016ko Europako Kultur Hiriburu: Wroclaw, Polonia eta San Sebastián (Donostia), Espainia


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 Wroclaw Silesian Capital

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 Wroclaw close-ups

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Wroclaw, Poland, the capital of Polish Silesia proud of its Roman Catholic past, present and future

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Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross, O.C.D. Roman Catholic nun, Virgin and Martyr
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How Edith Stein, a rebellious Jewish girl raised in Wroclaw
became a saint patroness of Europe and of World Youth Day


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SEDES SAPIENTIAE WRATISLAVIENSIS

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 How to love the Germans? Jak pokochać Niemców?
Jak milovat Němců? Wie man die Deutschen lieben?


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Vocazione di san Matteo - Powołanie św. Mateusza  - The Calling of St. Matthew


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Mt Sleza  Silesian Sleza Mountain

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MARCH OF VIRGINS UP TO THE MOUNT SLEZA
POCHOD PANICŮ A PANEN NA HORU SLEZU
MARSCH DER JUNGFRAUEN ZUM DEN BERG SLEZA


Góra Ślęża - punkt spotkań ludzi maszerujących w czystości ku małżeńskiej płodności
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Ślęża - Maryjna Góra Pokoju
Sleza - The Marian Mountain of Peace
Sleza - La Montagna Mariana della Pace
Sleza - Mariánská Hora Míru
Sleza - Die Marian Berg des Friedens
Слеза - Марийная Гора Мира


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Stations of the Cross Droga Krzyżowa Křížová cesta Kreuzweg
Przełęcz Tąpadła - Szczyt Ślęży

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Nature, Wildlife, Landscape, Ecology of Silesia, Poland

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The Odra River, Mother of Western Poland

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Śląsk Polska Silesia Poland Slezsko Polsko Schlesien Polen Main Page

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Web pages in Polish

Śląsk #1: Ślęża - korzeń Śląska od zamierzchłej przeszłości do teraźniejszości

Śląsk #2: Śląsk kolebką Polski

Śląsk #3: Dwieście lat prusactwa na Śląsku

Śląsk #4: Mapy

Źródło * Anna * Dzika * Przyroda * Góra * Ślęża * Śląsk * Polski

Ślęża

Towarzystwo Ślężańskie

Grupa Ślęży - fragment starej mapy i mapa turystyczna

Sanktuarium Ślężańskiej Matki Bożej Dobrej Rady w Sulistrowiczkach

Ziemia Ślężańska w internecie

MARSZ DZIEWIC NA GÓRĘ ŚLĘŻĘ

Góra Ślęża - punkt spotkań ludzi maszerujących w czystości ku małżeńskiej płodności





silesian.eu
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